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Interventional Radiology

Interventional Radiology is a rapidly growing area of medicine. Interventional radiologists specialize in minimally invasive treatments using X-rays, CT and other imaging techniques to treat patients without surgery.

Using state-of-the-art devices, Interventional Radiologists insert catheters and other small tools through small openings in the skin and guide them through the body.

Interventional Radiology procedures are generally easier for the patient because risk, pain and recovery time are significantly reduced.

Interventional Radiology Procedures

Angiography
Using a catheter to distribute contrast agents, angiograms diagnose blockages and other blood vessel problems.

Angioplasty
Angioplasty is used to open blocked arteries. During the procedure, a small balloon is inserted into a blocked blood vessel or artery and inflated, opening the vessel or artery.

Biliary drainage and stenting
Biliary drainage and stenting uses a stent to open blocked ducts and allow bile to drain from the liver.

Central venous access
For this procedure, a tube is inserted through the skin into the blood vessels so patients can receive medication or nutrients directly into the blood stream.

Embolization
During embolization, clotting agents are given to block blood flow to a problem area, such as an aneurysm, or are delivered directly to an area that is bleeding.

Gastrostomy tube
This procedure places a feeding tube in the stomach of a patient who is unable to consume food orally.

Hemodialysis access maintenance
Using of angioplasty or thrombolysis, this procedure opens blocked grafts for hemodialysis, which treats kidney failure.

Needle biopsy
For a needle biopsy, a needle is inserted into a mass to take a sample of tissue for analysis. This alternative to surgical biopsy is usually performed with guidance from X-ray or Ultrasound technology.

Stent
A stent is used to hold open clogged blood vessels or other pathways that have been narrowed or blocked by tumors or obstructions. It is a small flexible tube made of plastic or wire mesh.

Stent-graft
A stent-graft reinforces a ruptured or ballooning section of an artery (an aneurysm) with a fabric-wrapped stent.

Thrombolysis
Sometimes referred to as "clot busting," thrombolysis administers drugs at the site of a clot, dissolving it.

TIPS (Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt)
This life-saving procedure reroutes blood flow in the liver. Using X-ray guidance, an Interventional Radiologist connects the portal vein to an hepatic vein to improve blood flow and prevent hemorrhage in patients with severe liver dysfunction.

Uterine artery embolization
UAE blocks blood flow to stop life-threatening postpartum bleeding. The same procedure is used to treat fibroid tumors and is then called UFE (uterine fibroid embolization).

Uterine fibroid embolization
UFE blocks the flow of blood to painful, enlarged, benign tumors in the uterus, causing them to shrink.

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